Incorporated under Legislation of Govt. of India under ministry social justice & empowerment Govt of india.

"JURISDICTION ALL INDIA"

Niti Ayog(NGO Daran) Unique Id No. DL/2018/0194663

Human Rights


What are human rights?


Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.
Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law , general principles and other sources of international law. International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.


Universal and inalienable


The principle of universality of human rights is the cornerstone of international human rights law. This principle, as first emphasized in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948, has been reiterated in numerous international human rights conventions, declarations, and resolutions. The 1993 Vienna World Conference on Human Rights, for example, noted that it is the duty of States to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms, regardless of their political, economic and cultural systems.
All States have ratified at least one, and 80% of States have ratified four or more, of the core human rights treaties, reflecting consent of States which creates legal obligations for them and giving concrete expression to universality. Some fundamental human rights norms enjoy universal protection by customary international law across all boundaries and civilizations.
Human rights are inalienable. They should not be taken away, except in specific situations and according to due process. For example, the right to liberty may be restricted if a person is found guilty of a crime by a court of law.


Interdependent and indivisible


All human rights are indivisible, whether they are civil and political rights, such as the right to life, equality before the law and freedom of expression; economic, social and cultural rights, such as the rights to work, social security and education , or collective rights, such as the rights to development and self-determination, are indivisible, interrelated and interdependent. The improvement of one right facilitates advancement of the others. Likewise, the deprivation of one right adversely affects the others.


Equal and non-discriminatory


Non-discrimination is a cross-cutting principle in international human rights law. The principle is present in all the major human rights treaties and provides the central theme of some of international human rights conventions such as the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
The principle applies to everyone in relation to all human rights and freedoms and it prohibits discrimination on the basis of a list of non-exhaustive categories such as sex, race, colour and so on. The principle of non-discrimination is complemented by the principle of equality, as stated in Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.”


Both Rights and Obligations


Human rights entail both rights and obligations. States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, to protect and to fulfil human rights. The obligation to respect means that States must refrain from interfering with or curtailing the enjoyment of human rights. The obligation to protect requires States to protect individuals and groups against human rights abuses. The obligation to fulfil means that States must take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights. At the individual level, while we are entitled our human rights, we should also respect the human rights of others.


All human rights :


  Right to Equality

  Freedom from Discrimination

  Right to Life, Liberty, Personal Security

  Freedom from Slavery

  Freedom from Torture and Degrading Treatment

  Right to Recognition as a Person before the Law

  Right to Equality before the Law

  Right to Remedy by Competent Tribunal

  Freedom from Arbitrary Arrest and Exile

  Right to Fair Public Hearing

  Right to be Considered Innocent until Proven Guilty

  Right to Free Movement in and out of the Country

  Right to Asylum in other Countries from Persecution

  Right to a Nationality and the Freedom to Change It

  Right to Marriage and Family

  Right to Own Property

  Freedom of Belief and Religion

  Freedom of Opinion and Information

  Right of Peaceful Assembly and Association

  Right to Participate in Government and in Free Elections

  Right to Social Security

  Right to Desirable Work and to Join Trade Unions

  Right to Rest and Leisure

  Right to Adequate Living Standard

  Right to Education

  Right to Participate in the Cultural Life of Community

  Right to a Social Order that Articulates this Document

  Community Duties Essential to Free and Full Development

  Freedom from State or Personal Interference in the above Rights

  Freedom from Interference with Privacy, Family, Home and Correspondence